Why the UK?
Why India? Because India
matters to the world because it’s not only a rising
power, it’s a responsible global power, said the
newly elected British
Prime Minister David Cameron
on the first day of his visit to India on June 28,
2010 at the Infosys in India.
Why the UK? Because Britain is
one of the world’s oldest democracies. India the
world’s largest. Both these countries have a shared
commitment to pluralism and tolerance. “We have deep
and close connections among our people, with nearly
two million people of Indian origin living in the
UK. They make an enormous contribution to our
country, way out of proportion to their size, in
business, the arts and sport”, Cameron said in his
Here are excerpts from his speech*
So why is your country important for Britain’s
The most obvious reason is economic.
There is still a development road to travel but
thanks to the reform process begun by Manmohan Singh
in the 1990s, the Indian tiger has been uncaged and
its power can be felt around the world.
You feel it in the fantastic new airports in
Bangalore and Hyderabad, in Mumbai’s Bandra-Worla
Sea Link, in the Delhi metro and in Delhi’s stunning
new airport terminal.
And we can feel that power back home too.
The Tata Group is now the largest manufacturing
employer in Britain.
And more than 180 Indian companies have invested in
our IT sector.
At the same time, India represents an enormous
opportunity for British companies. Already our trade
relationship is worth £11.5 billion a year. But I
want us to go further.
India plans to invest over $500bn in infrastructure
in the coming years. That is of course good for
Indian business, but it is also a chance for British
companies to generate growth. Your retail market is
growing by 25 per cent annually, and there is no
reason why British companies should not be a part of
India is adding 15 million new mobile phone users
every month. British companies can play an even
greater role in that, providing services to the
Indian consumer and creating jobs in India and back
in the UK.
So I want this to be a relationship which drives
economic growth upwards, and drives our unemployment
This is a trade mission, yes, but I prefer to see it
as my jobs mission.
Indian companies employ 90,000 people in the UK.
Many more jobs in Britain exist thanks to the
activities of British companies in India. Now I want
to see thousands more jobs created in Britain, and
of course in India through trade in the months and
years ahead. That is the core purpose of my visit.”
At the height of the Industrial Revolution in the
United States, they said: “Go West, Young Man” to
find opportunity and fortune.
For today’s investors and entrepreneurs, they should
But this country matters to Britain, for many
reasons beyond your economy too.
With over 700 million voters and three million
elected representatives at council level, your
democracy is a beacon to our world.
You have a wonderful tradition of democratic
Home to dozens of faiths and hundreds of languages,
people are free to be Muslim, Hindu or Sikh, or
speak Marathi, Punjabi or Tamil.
But at the same time, and without any contradiction,
they are all Indian too.
And India matters to the world because it’s not only
a rising power, it’s a responsible global power.
You provide significant support to Afghanistan,
which we welcome, and your efforts in Nepal and
Bhutan are vital.
You are a leading provider of peacekeeping troops to
And as I saw for myself at the G20, your Prime
Minister has personally provided great intellectual
leadership in economic matters.
That’s why the time has come for India to take the
seat it deserves in the UN Security Council.
“Why the UK?
These are the reasons why India matters to Britain.
But why should Britain matter to India?
I believe our two countries are natural partners.
Britain is one of the world’s oldest democracies.
India the world’s largest.
We have a shared commitment to pluralism and
We have deep and close connections among our people,
with nearly two million people of Indian origin
living in the UK.
They make an enormous contribution to our country,
way out of proportion to their size, in business,
the arts and sport.
India and Britain also share so much culturally…
… whether it’s watching Shah Rukh Khan, eating the
same food, speaking the same language and of course,
watching the same sport.
Many of you in this room would have grown up
revering Kapil Dev.
I did the same with Ian Botham.
And Sachin Tendulkar, the Little Master, is so
talented that wherever you’re from, you can’t help
but admire him as he hits another century.
Indeed, culture is so important to our relationship
that it’s going to be a significant part of what I
talk to Prime Minister Singh about tomorrow.
And there are huge attractions to Britain as this
Britain still has the strengths of its history, not
least our democracy, rule of law, strong
institutions and global language.
But there is also the modern dynamism of the nation
that helped pioneer the internet, unravelled the DNA
code and whose music, films and television are
admired the world over.
We are also in a time-zone that lets you talk to
Asia in the morning and America in the evening.
We are still the world’s sixth largest manufacturer
and the best base for companies wanting to do
business in Europe.
We have some of the best universities in the world
And we are a great hub for science and innovation.
That’s why so much of what we are announcing on this
trip is so exciting.
UK and India Research funders have committed up to
£60 million worth of jointly-funded research into
climate change, water and food security and disease
British and Indian scientists will collaborate on
£2m worth of research that will help nuclear power
stations to be safer, more efficient and produce
And the Wellcome Trust has announced £45 million of
research with the Indian Department of Biotechnology
on affordable healthcare.
It’s for all these reasons that I believe it makes
sense for us both to elevate our relationship to new
But this isn’t just about Britain and India.
This is a relationship that can benefit the world.
The way I see it, there are three major global
challenges that we have a duty to meet together –
challenges that should shape our relationship.
The first is economic.
In the past couple of years, we have seen nothing
less than global economic carnage.
Collapsed banks. Massive government deficits. Huge
unemployment lines. Tumbling currencies. Trade
dented. Businesses lost. Livelihoods destroyed.
In Britain, we suffered our longest and deepest
recession since the war and are now trying to get to
grips with our highest-ever peacetime deficit.
In India, exports fell, capital left the country,
and growth slowed.
So as we emerge from this crisis, we both have to
ask ourselves: how can we continue to spread
economic opportunity for our people?
We come at this from different angles.
The Indian story is well-known.
There is still a huge challenge but on any measure
India is on its way – a rising economic power. On
any measure, India is on an upward trajectory.
We in Britain are determined to work even harder to
earn our living.
Attracting more foreign investment to our shores.
Making more things for the world again. Selling
ourselves to the world with more vigour than ever.
I’m not ashamed to say that’s one of the reasons why
I’m here today.
So let me set out what I believe should be our
common strategy for economic growth.
Our strategy must begin with making our own
economies as open as possible.
Within fifty days of coming into power, our new
coalition government introduced an emergency budget.
Its aim was explicit – to show Britain was open for
And its methods were equally clear – cutting red
tape, reducing corporation tax rates, and,
crucially, improving our infrastructure.
Both India and Britain are in the same boat here.
We both need to update and modernise our
So I’m delighted that Vince Cable, our Business
Secretary, has signalled that we will have much
closer co-operation on infrastructure in the years
ahead, sharing knowledge and expertise on transport
“Foreign direct investment
These changes are about making our countries the
best place in the world to business – and it’s in
that context that we should encourage more
investment by Indian companies in Britain…
…and vice versa.
Both of us already benefit.
JCB, BAE, Cairn, Standard Chartered, Mott McDonald,
Wipro, Religare, HCL, Infosys – these are just some
of the companies who do business across our
But I want to see more Indians setting up in Britain
and more Brits setting up over here.
There are some important things we can do straight
away – and I’m going to be discussing them with
Prime Minister Singh tomorrow.
Science and Innovation Scholarships, sponsored by
Extending the successful UK-India Education and
Encouraging the twinning of our top universities
with the fourteen new Innovation universities India
plans to create.
Education is not just vital for national success –
it is one of the best growth businesses of the 21st
century. I want us in Britain and India to pool
some of our advantages for our mutual benefit. And
will that mean that more Indian students will want
to trade with Britain, set up businesses in Britain,
partner with Britain? I certainly hope so.
But the real prize will come when we take some
There are no two-ways about this, we’ve got to take
on the vested interests and open up.
We in Britain have welcomed your expertise in car
manufacturing and steel production.
But we want you to reduce the barriers to foreign
investment in banking, insurance, defence
manufacturing and legal services – and reap the
More investment in each others’ economies will be a
vital boost to both our countries.
But so too will trade.
Again, on trade there are some relatively simple
steps we can take, like streamlining customs red
tape to save time and money – and we’re committed to
Other things will take more time and effort, but are
EU-India trade is worth £50 billion a year already –
but the possibility is there for dramatic expansion.
So let’s seize it.
I’m determined that we conclude an EU and India Free
Trade Agreement before the end of the year.
And it’s time to hammer out a global deal on trade
Agree on Doha, and do you know how much we would add
to the world economy?
So what’s holding us back?
I would like us to complete the Doha Development
Round as it is – and that’s why, rightly, I’m
pushing for it.
Let’s be clear – right now, negotiations are not
moving. So those of us who want passionately to see
progress must now make the case for trade at the
tops of our voices.
One way that I believe we can do so is by
establishing a high level group of the best minds
and strongest advocates for trade to point the way
forward. I believe we will all need to show greater
ambition. We need to make the deal bigger in order
to make progress. If necessary, we should make
proposals bigger in order to make progress.
In the meantime we must make changes where we can.
Trade facilitation can clear the way to much
greater economic growth.
And if we do it we will take such a giant leap
towards meeting the economic challenge of our age.
The second challenge we must meet together is
ensuring global security.
Five years ago, fifty-two people were killed on the
tube and on a bus in London.
And in November 2008, we watched in horror as
terrorists went on the rampage in Mumbai, killing
scores of Indians and three British nationals.
As you know, we worked with your government in the
investigation into these events.
We remain determined that those responsible must be
brought to justice.
And I am here today to propose an even closer
security relationship between India and Britain.
The terrorists we face are adept at crossing
borders, communicating globally, and concocting the
most abhorrent plans to destroy our way of live.
It’s only by increasing the ties between us that we
can defeat them.
So I want us to broaden our counterterrorism
partnership, including looking at new areas such as
cyber security and terrorist financing.
This year, Delhi hosts the Commonwealth Games.
In two years, London hosts the Olympic Games.
It makes sense that we work together to ensure both
are as safe and successful as possible – through
close co-operation between the Delhi Police and the
London Metropolitan police.
And I want us to go further in expanding our
When it comes to defence technology, India and
Britain have a lot to offer each other in terms of
And we have a proven track record of being ready to
share it – as with the building of Jaguar and Hawk
aircraft in this city in recent decades.
I want to see more – and I’m going to be visiting
HAL next to talk about what more we can do in this
Of course, when it comes to protecting our people,
we cannot overlook what is happening in Afghanistan
Let me state clearly: your relations with those
countries are a matter for you – and you alone.
But let me also say:
We – like you – want a Pakistan that is stable,
democratic and free from terror.
We – like you – want an Afghanistan that is secure,
free from interference from its neighbours and not a
threat to our security.
We – like you – are determined that groups like the
Taliban, the Haqqani network or Lakshar e Taiba
should not be allowed to launch attacks on Indian
and British citizens in India or in Britain. Nor
against our people, whether soldiers or civilians,
from both our countries who are working for peace in
Our interests are your interests – so let’s work
together to realise them.
The third challenge we must meet together is
tackling climate change.
Fail to act now and we are looking down the barrel
of catastrophic floods, intense heat waves and
Physical geography would dictate human geography,
climate change exacerbating waves of migration,
poverty, and hunger.
In fact, nowhere are the risks from climate change
more apparent than here in India – with over half a
billion people on the Ganges Plain and much more of
your agriculture dependent on water from the
Himalayas and a reliable monsoon
So the time for decisive action is long overdue.
The UK has already reduced carbon emissions by more
than 20 percent from 1990 levels.
And our new government has been taking radical steps
to de-carbonise and build a greener economy.
But unilateral action can only take us so far.
Climate change does not respect borders - what is
sown in one part of the world is reaped the world
That’s why we need global action, with all major
economies playing their part.
That must start at government level.
Getting an international agreement on climate change
is now a matter of urgency.
I know this poses difficult questions – not least on
It’s only fair that those with the longest history
of carbon emissions play the biggest part. But it
has to be a global effort.
So as we look towards Cancun, let’s sit down and
thrash out what a global agreement on climate change
could look like.
As well as that, I want to see the UK and India
working at a business and research level too.
I am convinced that in no time at all, we will see
new cars that are really fuel efficient, new sources
of energy that are affordable, new products that
will change the way we live.
These will not only help protect our planet – but
bring with them jobs and money.
Question is: who’s going to make them?
Why not us?
Already British and Indian companies are building
solar panels right here in Bangalore.
And Indian manufacturers are working on the next
generation of electric cars in Britain.
But we must go further.
Tomorrow I’m going to be talking to Prime Minister
Singh about how we can work together to develop and
deploy new and renewable energy sources – in
particular to reach some of India’s poorest
If we get this right, it will be a triple win.
Clean energy. Electricity brought to poorest people.
New jobs and wealth.
And it’s precisely the sort of co-operation we need
as we move forward in our relationship.
By forging business links together, by tackling
threats to our security together and by taking on
the challenge of climate change together …
…we can raise our relationship to new heights.
But if that relationship is made only by diplomats,
politicians and entrepreneurs, it will not last.
A relationship with genuine meaning will be one that
brings together people from every line of work and
every walk of life.
Teachers. Doctors. Nurses. People from rural areas
and city dwellers. Young and old. Men and women.
Rich and poor.
We’re living in an age when a deeper friendship
between our countrymen and women is possible.
The internet has torn down the barriers that kept
And there is the common currency of culture we enjoy
the world over.
To my mind globalisation should be about more than
the trade of goods and services – it must be about
the trading of experiences and stories between
friends on opposite sides of the world…
…and our countries can set the example.
That’s why today we are launching a new network to
bring together the next generation of British and
There will be politicians, yes, but entrepreneurs,
scientists, media producers too – dynamic young
people from both our countries…
…brought together to find solutions to the
challenges we face.
I hope that by the time of the next UK-India summit
they will be coming back to us buzzing with ideas
and inspiration which both Government and the
private sector can act on.
But above all, I hope this builds the human
relationships that will sustain the relationship
between our countries.
Everything I have spoken about today - an enhanced
relationship and a shared determination to take on
the challenges that confront us …
…these are not borne from sentiment.
I’m a practical politician.
I believe when the problems are serious – we should
When the answer is obvious – we should do it.
This is why I’m here.
The problems are serious – economic crisis, global
insecurity, climate change.
And the answer is obvious – India and Britain coming
Indira Gandhi once said her Grandfather told her:
“There are two kinds of people: those who do the
work and those who take the credit. Be in the first
group; there’s much less competition.”
The truth is we can’t leave our prosperity, our
security and the future of our planet to chance.
We must be the ones to act – and we must act
Together Britain and India can do the work that’s so
Together our partnership can benefit the world.
So together, let’s build a new relationship to meet
the scale of our ambitions."
Prime Minister David Cameron's speech at the Infosys
in India, July 28, 2010