Leather and leather products market in India

 

US and some European countries together account for nearly 60 per cent of India's exports of leather and leather products.

*

India has identified LAC as a focus region to step up leather & leather products exports

*

Council for Leather Exports (CLE) aims at achieving US$ 2.6 billion export target by 2006-07.

Overview

India accounts for approximately two percent of the world trade in leather and leather products. To be on the fast track of growth and to have a larger cake in the international business, continuous technology upgradation and modernisation are the most powerful driving forces like in any other manufacturing sector that dreams steady growth and expansion. With this being the primary objective, India's Council for Leather Exports (CLE) have taken a number of initiatives. To propel the combined efforts of the tanning and manufacturing sectors, the Central Leather Research Institute (CLRI), the Fashion Technology and Development Institute and CLE as the main cog in the wheel, an action plan has been chalked out. The growing international demand apart, the action plan also suggested measures to face Indian leather's industry's major competitors in Asia: China, Indonesia, Korea and Taiwan.

To boost the country's leather industry, the Indian federal government has earmarked a Rs 4.5 billion (US$ 95 mn) grant to be made available to the industry over a span of  five years but that's not without any string. The fund availability is conditional upon the sector's attracting an annual investment of Rs 2.2 trillion. In 2002, investments in the leather sector stood at Rs 410 million. Footwear and their components account for about 25 percent of India's total leather products exports. These two markets also offer Indian leather industry vast scope for exports of sadllery and harness.

Besides the European market where Indian leather products already enjoys a strong presence, the US too is emerging as a very strong and promising export destination for Indian leather industry. US today accounts about 25 percent of a massive US$ 96 billion global trade in leather and leather products. The importance of European market could be gauged by the fact three major EU countries-Germany, Italy and UK- today accounts for approximately 42-45 percent of  leather and leather products exports from India. These three countries together exported leather products worth US$ 814.82 mn in 2001-02 against country's total leather and leather products exports valued at US$ 1.93 bn.

CLE is trying to make a dent in new markets. Focus countries include the Latin American countries, Israel and Japan.  Japan is the fifth largest importer of leather & leather products in the world. Japan now imports over US$15 million worth leather and leather products from India. In fact, between 1998-99 and 2001-02, India's exports leather products to Japan has more than doubled. According to the latest available provisional data, exports in the first 10 months in fiscal 2002-03 to Japan stood at US$ 7.53 mn against US$ 7.30 mn during the comparable period of 2001-02. CLE aims at raising India's share in Japan's total imports of leather and leather products to 2 percent by 2005-06 from the current level of 0.5 percent which in other words means forex earnings to the tune of US$ 70 mn in next three years from the 2001-02 level of over US$ 15 mn.

According to a CLE report, the domestic production of leather & leather products in Japan is declining largely due to high production cost. This has opened up a great scope for increasing India’s share in Jao leather market. The Japanese market offers great scope for export of middle price ranges of shoes, garments and other accessories as upper segments are already dominated by Italy and China.

Italy is yet another favoured export destination for Indian leather industry. Through joint ventures with Indian companies, CLE has helped bring in Italian leather footwear manufacturers to set up export production bases in India. In fiscal 2001-02 India exported US$ 262.49 mn worth of leather and leather products against US$ 241.07 mn in 2000-01 to Italy. The global downturn however like other sectors had severely impacted leathers exports by India. The first 10-month exports to Italy too showed a slow growth. Exports during this period in fiscal 2002-03 stood at US$ 132.21 mn against US$ 151.90 mn year-on-year basis. It is unlikely the year attained the US$ 2-billion-target set for fiscal 2002-03.

India is the second largest footwear producer in the world. It accounts for 20 percent of India's total export of leather and leather products. Major markets include the UK, USA, Germany, Italy, France, Netherlands, Canada, Sweden and Russia. Of total exports of footwear from India, around 64 percent goes to UK, USA and Germany.

Indian leather industry has capacity to produce l776 million pairs; 112 million pairs of Shoe Uppers ; Non-leather footwear - 960 million pairs of non-leather footwears which includes shoes made of rubber, moulded PVC and other material.

India's new Export-Import policy for 2003-04 have among others gone in favour of leather industry. CLE chairman S S Kumar maintains: "..as far as leather & leather products are concerned, the changes made in the EPCG Scheme in regard to criteria of export obligation on the basis of duty saved, allowing import of 10 year old machinery, permitting import of spares for existing plant & machinery etc would make the scheme more attractive and useful. Further, allowing the exporters to export any other products in fulfillment of export obligation under the scheme is a major step forward and would provide greater flexibility in availment of the scheme. The industry welcomes these measures”.

The lowering of value addition norms under the DFRC Scheme from 33% to 25%would benefit the exporters and the industry feels that extending the benefit of the scheme to deemed export is a right step encouraging the domestic suppliers of raw materials and inputs to the exporters. CLE is of the view that the duty free import entitlement benefit extended as a premium to the status holders achieving higher growth rate of more than 25% in FOB value of export in free foreign exchange, will encourage the status holders towards attainment of the incremental performance. “The status holders would now be able to achieve competitive levels of production by such duty free entitlement”, Kumar maintains adding “allowing annual Advance licensing facility to the status holders will enable such units to go for planned procurement of raw material and components based on annual production programmes".

Over the years,  DEPB scheme proved to be really beneficial to the exporters as an instrument of export promotion. However, the DEPB rates in respect of a few items like leather garments, leather bags, small leather goods, leather sandals, non leather footwear etc have now been reduced by 1% to 2% due to general reduction in the basic customs duty from 30% to 25% in the Union Budget 2003-04. Kumar says “The present reduction in the DEPB rates would definitely impact the export of these items particularly since the overall export performance is showing a sluggish trend. In fact, the Council earlier made a specific representation to the Government specifying that the reduction in peak rate of duty has only negligible impact on the average customs duty incidence since most of the inputs used by leather & leather products industry were already under concessional import duty of 25% for the past several years, and pleaded to continue the DEPB rates without any reductions. Despite this, DEPB rates have now been reduced ”. The CLE chairman hopes that the new EXIM Policy would help achieve the US$ 2.6 billion target to be achieved by 2006-07.

According to DGCI&S provisional estimate, India's leather and leather products exports in fiscal 2002-03 stood at US$ 1.81 billion signifying 6.30 percent decline from previous fiscal's total exports of US$ 1.93 bn. While leather and leather footwear exports showed positive growth, exports of footwear component registered negative growth. Exports of leather in fiscal 2002-03 grew by 6.24 percent at US$ 487.91 million from US$ 459.25 mn in fiscal 2001-02. Leather footwear exports were up 3.61 percent at US$ 409.67 mn against US$ 395.39 mn in 2001-02. However, exports of footwear component in 2002-03 dropped by over 26 percent to US$ 171.43 mn from US$ 233.94 mn in 2001-02.

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India's exports of leather and leather products (2002-03)
(In US$ million)

CATEGORY 2001-02

2002-03

Year-On Change(%)
Finished Leather 459.25 487.91 6.24
Leather Footwear 395.39 409.67 3.61
Footwear Components 233.94 171.43 -26.72
Leather Garments 378.75 262.25 -30.76
Leather Goods 407.16 412.97 1.43
Saddlery & Harness 35.64 42.78 20.03
Non-leather Footwear 26.02 27.17 4.43
Total 1936.14 1814.18 -6.30


India's exports of leather and leather products (2001-02)
(In US$ million)

  2000-01 2001-02 Year-on change(%)
FINISHED LEATHER 381.49 459.25 20.38
LEATHER FOOTWEAR 381.37 395.39 3.67
FOOTWEAR COMPONENTS 238.09 233.94 -2.74
LEATHER GARMENTS 460.45 378.75 -17.74
LEATHER GOODS 440.37 407.16 -7.54
SADDLERY AND HARNESS 42.66 35.64 -16.45
NON-LEATHER FOOTWEAR 19.11 26.02 36.15
TOTAL 1963.55 1936.14 -1.39


India's share in world leather and leather product market (1995-2001)
(In US$ million)

  1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
Leather
World Import 14086.68 14335.59 14591.48 13464.75 12787.46 14770.72 15153.12
India's Export 371.33 301.06 295.83 264.67 239.82 381.49 457.37
% Share of India 2.64 2.10 2.03 1.97 1.88 2.58 3.02
Leather Footwear
World Import 25288.75 27554.52 28588.28 26880.97 26833.99 27432.55 28367.99
India's Export 340.44 337.45 281.90 320.25 377.39 381.37 394.19
%Share of India 1.35 1.22 0.99 1.19 1.41 1.39 1.39
Footwear Components
World Import 4511.67 4964.70 5117.74 4783.45 4546.91 4379.28 4273.59
India's Exports 242.99 222.74 240.48 237.22 215.09 238.09 233.34
%Share of India 5.39 4.49 4.70 4.97 4.73 5.44 5.46
Leather Garments
World Import 3942.49 3670.40 3621.49 3291.43 3161.99 4454.54 4737.06
India's Exports 413.62 424.37 425.21 376.66 347.28 460.45 378.62
%Share of India 10.49 11.56 11.74 11.44 10.98 10.33 7.99

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India's country wise exports of leather  products (1996-97 to 2001-02)
(In US$ million)

COUNTRY 1996-97 1997-98 1998-99 1999-2000 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03
USA 298.75 251.40 252.71 258.24 342.78 286.89 237.83
Germany 362.88 363.41 364.19 293.59 307.17 304.46 265.19
UK 204.92 219.26 235.79 266.29 270.09 248.89 233.70
Italy 182.99 221.53 197.16 165.47 241.07 263.11 247.93
Spain 46.97 54.96 69.23 66.72 100.75 101.30 108.18
Hong Kong 59.07 53.93 53.26 55.22 98.32 121.43 157.22
France 72.34 79.01 79.77 84.36 90.68 89.72 86.66
Netherlands 38.48 43.83 49.78 44.17 55.56 60.50 50.00
Portugal 20.21 31.91 29.39 24.41 37.44 37.00 34.12
Russia 30.22 50.99 25.19 27.97 31.53 16.09 10.12
Denmark 23.34 21.73 18.82 28.30 28.37 22.47 17.03
Australia 36.91 36.83 35.39 31.84 28.33 27.07 29.55
Canada 19.63 21.69 18.77 21.42 26.66 27.81 23.89
Sweden 11.20 12.76 15.40 19.79 25.39 19.91 17.42
S.Africa 25.70 25.10 26.29 24.28 23.43 19.53 16.21
UAE 13,52 10.91 15.54 15.11 18.97 20.13  27.13
Switzerland 21.14 22.78 21.49 16.13 18.61 16.92 13.33
Belgium 11.80 13.22 16.82 14.75 17.35 21.08 19.05
Korea 12.22 4.25 2.07 5.96 16.70 27.04 26.36
Austria 18.18 20.16 17.22 14.65 15.01 16.42 13.64
Japan 13.36 14.31 7.30 8.36 13.33 15.34 12.95
Saudi Arabia 5.52 5.91 6.98 7.49 9.03 9.20 7.89
China 4.16 3.73 3.72 4.68 8.93 13.86 15.46
Greece 6.33 6.92 5.75 4.50  5.96 6.38 9.78
Ireland 2.02 2.05 2.70 3.65 5.25 2.89 3.77
Finland 2.75 3.01 4.17 2.63 4.36 7.92 3.44
New Zealand 4.59 4.17 4.79 5.28 3.77 3.39 3.31
Indonesia 1.46 1.79 1.54 2.64 3.36 5.91 7.65
Others 121.07 115.23 127.20 143.45 115.35 123.48 115.37
Total 1618.27 1671.90 1654.89 1604.35 1963.55 1936.14 1814.18

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India's  country wise  exports of leather and footwear  (2002-03)
(In US$ million)

COUNTRY

Leather

Leather Footwear

2001-02
2002-03  Year-On Change (%) 2001-02
2002-03  Year-On Change (%)
Germany 33.03 24.09 -27.07 63.86 67.68 5.98
USA 10.15 9.87 -2.69 77.63 78.41 1.01
UK 4.99 6.07 21.59 111.86 108.89 -2.65
Italy 86.03 90.34 5.00 24.65 29.36 19.12
France 17.07 16.17 -5.24 22.12 26.28 18.79
Hong Kong 114.36 148.93 30.23 0.89 1.06 19.05
Spain 38.98 37.57 -3.64 3.30 7.69 132.62
Russia 5.39 2.82 -47.63 0.98 0.17 -82.38
Netherlands 6.26 4.44 -29.13 15.15 13.95 -7.94
Australia 3.86 4.56  18.27 6.24 7.62 22.24
New Zealand 0.32 0.25 -21.42 0.80 0.50 -37.64
Denmark 0.41 0.24 -40.14 5.25 4.82 -8.16
Greece 0.06 0.16 166.25 2.13 5.12 140.66
Canada 1.02 1.07 4.70 8.08 9.05 12.09
Switzerland 0.33 0.18 -44.40 1.94 0.66 -65.74
Sweden 0.23 0.03 -87.55 5.32 5.84 9.70
S. Africa 12.48 11.96 -4.17 3.28 1.94 -40.98
Austria 4.19 2.35 -43.77 2.75 2.51 -8.96
Belgium 0.56 0.43 -23.18 6.81 6.61 -2.99
Japan 6.18 7.04 14.01 1.93 1.33 -31.23
Portugal 16.21 14.10 -13.02 1.43 1.16 -19.25
China 12.66 14.70 16.15 0.03 0.11 224.73
Ireland 0.02 0.01 -28.68 1.05 1.30 23.63
UAE 0.30 0.77 153.66 8.66 8.73 0.82
Indonesia 5.29 6.97 31.67 0.07 0.15 134.05
Korea Rep. 26.43 25.74 -2.60 0.15 0.17 15.04
Finland 1.25 0.21 -83.28 1.41 0.99 -29.96
Saudi Arabia 1.93 0.88 -54.27 1.58 1.59 0.83
Others   49.27 55.95 13.56 16.03 15.98 -0.33
Total 459.25 487.91 6.24 395.39 409.67 3.61
Source: DGCIS, Kolkata


India's  country wise exports of  footwear component (2002-03)
(In US$ million)

COUNTRY 2001-02 2002-03 Year-On Change (%)
Germany 49.79 33.15 -33.42
USA 8.54 4.31 -49.53
UK 41.55 28.15 -32.25
Italy 67.02 41.59 -37.94
France 8.58 7.90 -7.92
Hong Kong 0.91 0.98 7.69
Spain 8.89 11.23 26.32
Russia 0.30 0.28 -6.66
Netherlands 4.61 2.50 -45.77
Australia 4.05 2.76 -31.85
New Zealand 0.59 0.98 66.10
Denmark 0.48 0.68 41.66
Greece 0.06 0.32 433.3
Canada 1.76 0.86 -51.13
Switzerland 4.05 3.50 -13.58
Sweden 0.23 0.13 -43.47
S. Africa 0.92 0.28 -69.56
Austria 3.48 2.97 -14.65
Belgium 0.48 0.66 37.50
Japan 1.04 0.70 -32.69
Portugal 15.38 15.26 -0.78
China 0.05 0.02 -60.0
Ireland 0.05 0.07 40.0
UAE 0.29 0.47 62.06
Indonesia 0.08 0.37 362.5
Korea rep. 0.19 0.11 -42.10
Finland 0.13 0.18 38.46
Saudi Arabia 0.35 0.44 25.71
Others 10.09 10.59 4.95
Total 233.94 171.43 -26.72
Source : DGCIS, Kolkata


Country wise share of India's total exports of Leather Products  (2002-03)

COUNTRY Leather Leather Footwear Footwear Component
Germany 4.94 16.52 19.344
USA 2.02 19.14 2.51
UK 1.24 26.58 16.42
Italy  18.52 7.17 24.26
France 3.31 6.41 4.61
Hong Kong 30.52 0.26 0.57
Spain 7.70 1.88 6.55
Russia 0.58 0.04 0.16
Netherlands 0.91 3.40 1.46
Australia 0.94 1.86 1.61
New Zealand 0.05 0.12 0.57
Denmark 0.05 1.18 0.40
Greece 0.03 1.25 0.18
Canada 0.22 2.21 0.50
Switzerland 0.04 0.16 2.04
Sweden 0.01 1.42 0.08
South Africa 2.45 0.47 0.16
Austria 0.48 0.61 1.73
Belgium 0.09 1.61 0.38
Japan 1.44 0.32 0.41
Portugal 2.89 0.28 8.90
China 3.01 0.03 0.01
Ireland 0.00 0.32 0.04
UAE 0.16 2.13 0.28
Indonesia 1.43 0.04 0.22
Korea Rep. 5.28 0.04 0.06
Finland 0.04 0.24 0.11
Saudi Arabia 0.18 0.39 0.26
Others 11.47 3.90 6.18
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00



Leather and leather products exporting countries'  business (1995-1999)
(In US$ million)

COUNTRY 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
China 9704.3 9993.4 11741.7 11246.6 11321.8
Italy 12690.8 14163.3 12770.0 12100.3 10870.6
Spain 2416.7 2612.8 2691.6 2618.0 2472.2
Germany 2644.8 2560.0 2551.6 2684.2 2440.7
Korea, Rep. 3495.5 3152.1 2823.0 2188.3 2210.0
Brazil 2089.7 2345.7 2361.1 2088.6 1984.3
France 2127.4 1972.5 1804.1 1850.8 1841.8
USA 1702.3 1785.9 1962.9 1832.6 1749.1
Portugal 1905.3 1914.2 1869.7  1785.6 1702.1
Indonesia 2191.1 2319.3 1624.2 1310.2 1579.3
Belgium-Lux 355.2 985.3 1453.3 1583.7 1375.6
UK 1382.3 1584.7 1608.6 1416.9 1226.1
Thailand 2656.6 1844.2 1645.6 1312.3 894.2
Netherlands 901.6 876.5 844.6 861.2 855.2
Austria 909.4 863.5 920.6 957.7 832.4
Argentina 1130.9 1041.8 1152.2 927.1  719.8
Mexico 470.3 582.2 705.3 697.7 715.4
Romania 462.1 540.6 587.5 645.5 534.2
Pakistan 657.7 693.6 640.3 595.2 476.2
Turkey 629.5 547.5 680.3 606.6 457.9
Hungary 352.8 412.5 435.9 469.6 406.8
Denmark 316.7 302.9 351.0 383.7 402.5
Poland 378.8 430.0 416.7 432.4 326.2
Canada 271.6 338.1 365.4 333.5 308.2
Australia 398.7 392.5 398.3 331.0 301.5
Tunisia 237.2 257.1 272.5 286.4 267.1
Czech Rep. 463.2 431.7 307.6 265.2 242.3
Greece 243.9 320.3 382.3 314.2 236.5
Slovakia 151.8 166.3 160.8 221.8 223.2
Uruguay 236.6 262.0 262.5 243.0 221.4
Singapore 249.1 289.4 288.8 197.1 198.6
Switzerland 317.2 286.4 244.6 232.0 193.3
Croatia 264.7 260.7 273.7 227.0 175.3
Japan 308.5 279.1 242.0 179.1 172.2
New Zealand 211.7 29.6 206.1 187.9 171.8
Sweden 153.9 158.0 157.9 154.9 169.1
South Africa 178.2 177.9 179.7 156.8 150.8
Slovenia 251.9 215.1 201.1 179.6 118.8
Malaysia 177.0 204.3 160.0 162.2 118.7
Belarus 0 0 0 154.8 109.9
Colombia 208.4 141.5 129.7 119.0 104.0
Finland 149.0 154.5 135.5 132.3 94.0
Ireland 103.2 113.0 109.1 107.9 80.7
Philippines 166.2 233.8 238.8 182.8 76.0
Russian Fed. 0 116.2 115.0 112.6 73.0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 0 66.0
Macau 50.6 45.6 49.1 56.6 60.6
Hong Kong 271.4 244.6 143.8 69.7 45.2
EstonmEstonia 30.4 36.3 36.3 44.0 41.7
Lithunia 43.2 32.5 59.9 41.3 40.1
Costa Rica 30.5 42.3 44.9 43.7 38.1
Israel 28.3 48.9 38.5 39.2 37.2
Paraguay 57.6 37.9 43.3 38.8 36.2
Norway 52.0 17.5 45.4 39.2 32.6
Malta 35.7 25.9 30.2 33.6 22.7
Guatemala 13.4 16.3 19.4 26.1 21.5
Kenya 30.9 19.7 29.7 23.3 15.7
El Salvador 15.8 20.5 17.1 19.4 14.6
Egypt 17.2 12.1 25.6 21.7 13.8
Zimbabwe 34.3 11.9 16.6 0 13.3
Cyprus 12.0 12.4 16.5 17.2 11.0
Bolivia 9.9 5.5 14.1 7.6 10.9
Venezuela 44.1 7.7 18.5 0.3 8.4
Ecuador 4.4 9.2 6.2 8.4 7.5
Nigeria 0 20.2 0.03 6.9 7.2
Panama 8.6 6.64 8.9 5.4 6.9
Algeria 12.1 20.2 7.7 6.9 7.2
Peru 5.5 6.6 6.3 5.4 6.9
Nicaragua 4.7 5.4 6.9 7.8 6.7
Latvia 16.2 14.1 15.9 12.3 5.8
Molodova 8.2 0 6.0 3.0 4.9
Mauritius 5.6 5.1 5.0 4.1 3.1
Oman 0.8 1.8 5.8 4.7 2.8
Tanzania 0 0 0.9 7.2 1.8
Honduras 0.5 0.4 0.9 1.4 1.5
Kuwait 0.6 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 
Armenia 0 0 0.3   0.9
Senegal 0 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.8
Iceland 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.7
Trinidad Tbg 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3
Ghana 0 0 0 0 0.02
Madasgascar 1.2 0.9 1.5 0.7 0.1
Azerbaizan 0 0 0 0.05 0.08
Uganda 0.1 0.9 0 0.1 0.06
Dominica 0.2 0.2 0.1 0 0.03
Kyrgyzstan 3.0 3.1 0 0 0.01
Albania 0 54.58 28.6 45.0 0
Bangladesh 214.9 179.1 152.8 145.0 0
Brunei 0 0 0.07 0.1 0
Chile 41.9 36.7 44.1 36.5 0
India 1624.9 1506.6 1514.7 1498.7 0
Jordan 12.4 0 7.3 13.2 0
Nepal 0 0 0 6.6 0
Niger 0 0.1 0.007   0.06
Saudi Arabia 56.5 53.94 0 17.7 0
Sudan 41.2 2.7 3.3 3.8 0
Yugoslavia 0 40.0 39.8 69.7 0
TOTAL 59159.0 61229.5  60992.4 57530.6 5370.2

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India's  import of raw hide, skin and leather (2002-03) 
(In US$ million)

CATEGORY 2001-02 2002-03 Year-On Change (%)
Raw Hides & Skin 65.24 53.76 -17.60
Leather 149.80 132.42 -11.60
Total 215.04 186.18 -13.42


India's  import of raw hide, skin and leather (2000-01 to 2002-03)
(In US$ million) 

COUNTRY Raw Hides & Skin Leather
2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-03
Argentina 0.04 0.04
(0)
0.03
(-25) 
8.86 12.20
(37.63)
12.37
(1.39)
Australia 1.85 0.63
(-65.88)
0.94
(49.20)
2.07 1.41
(-31.85)
1.64
(16.31)
Austria 0.09 0.02
(-82.52)
0.00 0.37 1.34
(263.88)
1.30
(2.98)
Bangladesh 0.21 0.04
(-79.63)
0.17
(325)
1.28 1.40
(9.64)
1.39
(-0.71)
Belgium 0.19 0.14
(-24.86)
0.08
(-35)
0.10 0.03
(-68.42)
0.12
(300)
Brazil 0.59 0.06
(-89.57)
0.11
(83.33)
2.82 1.96
(-30.55)
3.85
(96.42)
Canada 0.55 0.19
(-65.73)
0.11
(-42.10)
0.16 0.38
(134.66)
0.22
(-42.10)
China 0.70 0.49
(-65.73)
0.37
(-24.48)
0.66 2.81
(322.48)
5.26
(87.18)
Denmark 0.15 0.39
(156.14)
0.54
(38.46)
0.23 0.15
(-33.16)
0.22
(46.66)
France 1.73 3.75
(116.72)
3.45
(-8)
0.76 1.86
(144.39)
1.40
(-24.73)
Germany 3.78 2.64
(-30.10)
3.12
(18.18)
6.56 7.23
(10.08)
3.99
(-44.81)
Greece 0.56 0.79
(40.43)
0.65
(-17.72)
1.13 0.81
(-28.23)
0.43
(-46.91)
Hong Kong 0.03 0.05
(53.27)
0.14
(180)
1.84 1.09
(-40.35)
2.01
(84.40)
Indonesia 1.54 1.25
(-18.51)
0.63
(-49.6)
2.04 2.54
(25.01)
2.36
(-7.08)
Italy 5.37 4.57
(-14.80)
2.43
(46.82)
35.56 37.98
(6.79)
24.05
(-36.67)
Kenya 0.71 1.64
(130.72)
0.90
(-45.12)
1.07 1.44
(34.40)
1.71
(18.75)
Korea Rep. 0.33 0.25
(-22.26)
0.08
(-68)
2.21 1.89
(-14.56)
2.28
(20.63)
Nepal 0.51 1.11
(119.06)
1.58
(42.34)
0.34 0.07
(-78.98)
1.30
(1757.14)
Netherlands 4.74 3.44
(3.44)
3.23
(-6.10)
2.78 2.06
(-25.91)
3.20
(55.33)
New Zealand 2.36 6.78
(187.70)
6.17
(-8.99)
6.23 4.91
(-21.25)
4.71
(4.07)
Nigeria 0.05 0.25
(395.41)
6.09
(2336)
0.04 0.32
(693.77)
0.18
(-43.75)
Norway 0.36 2.03
(467.47)
1.11
(-45.32)
0.08 0.03
(-67.01)
0.02
(-33.33)
Pakistan 0.04 0.00
(-97.95)
0.00
(0)
0.33 0.44
(34.07)
0.15
(-65.90)
Saudi Arabia 1.81 3.64
(101.43)
3.00
(-7.58)
5.25 11.76
(124.09)
12.77
(8.58)
Somalia 3.07 2.66
(-13.30)
3.09
(16.16)
0.04 0.37
(728.01)
0.45
(21.72)
Spain 1.58 2.25
(42.72)
0.44
(-80.44)
4.06 5.91
(45.44)
5.77
(-2.36)
Sudan 0.06 1.00
(1566)
1.16
(16)
0.37 1.75
(373.07)
1.59
(-29.04)
Sweden 0.62 0.27
(-55.69)
0.47
(74.07)
0.00 0.01
(0.00)
0.01
(0)
Switzerland 0.40 0.23
(-43.12)
0.42
(82.60)
0.51 1.52
(197.49)
0.8
(-47.36)
Turkey 0.22 0.13
(-40.87)
0.05
(-61.53)
0.26 0.16
(-38.99)
0.02
(-87.5)
UAE 2.80 2.51
(-10.54)
2.35
(-6.37)
1.03 0.50
(-51.27)
0.58
(16)
UK 3.37 2.98
(-11.60)
2.40
(-19.46)
9.03 7.15
(-20.91)
5.77
(-19.30)
USA 1.47 1.27
(-13.51)
1.47
(15.74)
8.70 6.64
(-23.65)
7.54
(13.55)
Others 14.64 17.68
(23.05)
12.94
(26.80)
26.71 27.56
(3.16)
22.96
(-16.69)
Total 56.96 65.17
(15.91)
53.76
(-17.50)
133.50 147.68
(10.62)
132.42
(-107.80)


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Importing countries' share (%) in India's leather & leather goods exports (2000-01)

COUNTRY Leather Leather Footwear Footwear Component
Germany 5.48 12.70 20.43
USA 3.26 27.05 2.91
UK 1.58 26.15 21.05
Italy 22.40 3.33 25.60
France 3.50 5.06 3.54
Hong Kong 23.67 0.50 0.41
Spain 7.84 1.00 2.94
Russia 0.68 1.67 0.19
Netherlands 1.38 2.90 1.25
Australia 0.87 1.43 2.24
New Zealand 0.10 0.26 0.47
Denmark 0.05 1.25 0.40
Greece 0.11 0.45 0.07
Canada 0.17 1.74 0.58
Switzerland 0.07 0.50 2.08
Sweden 0.02 1.29 0.20
South Africa 3.61 1.15 0.67
Austria 0.81 0.52 1.20
Belgium 0.19 1.33 0.40
Japan 1.41 0.49 0.35
Portugal 3.66 0.42 7.50
China 2.20 0.04 0.01
Ireland 0.00 0.44 0.18
UAE 0.44 2.24 0.28
Indonesia 0.71 0.04 0.16
Korea rep. 4.10 0.03 0.07
Finland 0.13 0.27 0.08
Saudi Arabia 0.20 0.40 0.24
Others 11.35 5.33 4.52
TOTAL 100.00 100.00 100.00

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India's exports of  leather & leather products to Latin American Countries
(In US$ million)

COUNTRY Leather Leather Footwear Footwear Components
1999-2000 2000-01 1999-2000 2000-01 1999-2000 2000-01
Argentina 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.00
Brazil 1.06 4.01 0.00 0.07 0.00 0.07
Chile 0.01 0.10 0.93 0.98 0.25 0.04
Peru 0.00 0.00 0.16 0.18 0.00 0.00
Venezuela 0.04 0.10 0.16 0.14 0.00 0.01
Colombia 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 0.00
Trinidad 0.00 0.07 0.04 0.01 0.06 0.04
Tobago 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Panama 0.00 0.00 0.46 0.36 0.00 0.02
TOTAL 1.12 4.48 1.76 1.79 0.37 0.17

 

COUNTRY Leather Garments Leather Goods Saddlery & Harness
1999-00 2000-01 1999-2000 2000-01 1999-2000 2000-01
Argentina 0.16 0.57 0.21 0.26 0.00 0.02
Brazil 0.00 0.26 0.22 0.20 0.00 0.00
Chile 2.99 4.57 1.98 2.87 0.01 0.00
Peru 0.04 0.17 0.04 0.11 0.00 0.00
Venezuela 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.02
Colombia 0.05 0.07 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Trinidad 0.02 0.00 0.01 0.04 0.00 0.00
Tobago 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Panama 0.00 0.03 0.03 0.01 0.00 0.01
TOTAL 3.26 5.67 2.50 3.50 0.01 0.05

 

COUNTRY Non-leather Footwear Country wise India's total exports to LAC
1999-2000 2000-01 1999-2000 2000-01
Argentina 0.00 0.03 0.38 1.02
Brazil 0.00 0.00 1.28 4.61
Chile 0.00 0.03 6.17 8.59
Peru 0.00 0.00 0.25 0.47
Venezuela 0.00 0.00 0.21 0.29
Colombia 0.00 0.01 0.12 0.08
Trinidad 0.00 0.02 0.13 0.18
Tobago 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Panama 0.04 0.02 0.53 0.44
TOTAL 0.04 0.12 9.06 15.68
SOURCE: COUNCIL FOR LEATHER EXPORTS, INDIA

Updated on July 9, 2003
 

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