The state of Jharkhand


Jharkhand: Highlights

Location : Eastern India, formerly part of Bihar.
Area
: 79,714 sq km
Population
: 218 million
Literacy
: 52% (women’s literacy 27%)
Capital
: Ranchi

Districts: 18 (Ranchi, Bokaro, Dhanbad, Dumka, Pakur, Sahibganj, Godda, Deoghar, Giridih, Hazaribagh, Kodarma, Chatra, Palamau, Garhwa, Lohardanga, Gomia, West Singhbhum, East Singhbhum)

Mineral resources: Coal 33%, Iron Ore 34%, Copper 34%, Mica 46%, Pyrite 58% and Quartzite 87% of country’s total reserve.

Tourist spots: Hudru falls, Lodha, Burha, Deruaghah

Sanctuaries: Betla National Park (wildlife, tigers specially) near Daltongunj

Pilgrimage centres: Pareshnath Hills (a pilgrimage centre for the Jains), Chhinnamasta Temple in Rajarappa

Resort: Netarhat resort at 1,200 metre above sea level.

Forest: Palamau forest

Industry:Tata Iron and Steel Company (TISCO) in Jamshedpur, Bokaro Steel Plant of Steel Authority of India (SAIL) in Bokaro, Heavy Engineering Corporation in Ranchi, Metallurgical Consultancy (MECON) in Ranchi, Fertilizer Corporation of India (Sindhri). Adityapur Industrial Area for small scale industrial units.

Agriculture produce: Kendu (a kind of tobacco leaf), rice and wheat.


Click here for map of Jharkhand

Compiled by Amitabha Sen

Jharkhand, formerly part of Bihar, became the 28th state of the Indian federation on November 15, 2000.

The mineral-rich state, numerically dominated by tribals and the scheduled castes, has a number of industries. Two major steel plants (in Jamshedpur and Bokaro), coal mines, a heavy engineering unit and a fertilizer unit (in Sindhri) are situated in the state of Jharkhand.

All these notwithstanding, about 85 per cent of the tribals live below the poverty line. The people of the state are yet to get a nice road, potable water, steady power supply, required educational facilities etc.

None else than the state chief minister himself admitted in an interview with Sonali Das of The Times of India (November 15, 2000) that "connecting villages with better roads, power, water and education will be given top priority. Industrialization will also be accorded priority". He attributes the basic reason the underdevelopment of Jharkhand to "exploitation and illiteracy."

List of states and Union Territories of India
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Map of Jharkhand
(Courtesy: Ranchi Express Online)

Map of Jharkhand

List of states and Union Territories of India
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