India's Major Crop Production
Overview of Indian Agriculture
India's Major Crop Production
Per capita availability of foodgrains (grams per day) in India
Foodgrain production and area under cultivation
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India's foodgrains production
(In million tonnes)

YEAR AREA PRODUCTION YIELD COVERAGE UNDER IRRIGATION
1989-90 126.77 171.04 1349 35.0
1990-91 127.84 176.39 1380 35.1
1991-92 121.87 168.38 1382 37.4
1992-93 123.15 179.48 1457 37.4
1993-94 122.75 184.26 1501 38.7
1994-95 123.86 191.50 1546 39.6
1995-96 121.01 180.42 1491 40.1
1996-97 123.58 199.44 1614 40.0
1997-98 123.85 192.26 1552 40.8
1998-99 125.17 203.61 1627 42.4
1999-2000 123.10 209.80 1704 NAS
2000-2001 119.78 195.92 1636 NA
2001-02 122.55 212.03 1723 NA
* Advance estimate as on April 5, 2002

SOURCE: Federal ministry of Agriculture, Government of India


India's major crop production

(In million tonnes)

CROP 1996-97 1997-98 1998-99 1999-2000 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03*
Foodgrains
Rice 81.7 82.5 86.1 89.7 84.9 93.1 77.7
Wheat 69.4 66.4 71.3 76.4 68.8 71.8 68.9
Course Cereals 34.1 30.4 31.3 30.3 31.6 33.9 25.1
Pulses 14.2 13.0 14.9 13.4 10.7 13.2 11.5
Total 199.4 192.3 203.6 209.8 195.9 212.0 183.2
Commercial Crops
Groundnut 6.6 7.4 9.0 5.3 6.2 6.9 4.7
Rapeseed/Mustard 6.7 4.7 5.7 5.8 4.2 5.0 4.5
Soyabean 5.4 6.5 7.1 7.1 5.3 5.9 4.3
Other Oilseeds 3.7 2.7 3.0 2.5 2.7 2.7 1.9
Total 9 Oilseeds 24.4 21.3 24.8 20.7 18.4 20.5 15.4
Cotton# 14.2 10.9 12.3 11.5 9.7 10.1 8.9
Jute & Mesta## 11.1 11.0 9.8 10.6 10.5 11.6 11.5
Sugarcane 277.6 279.5 288.7 299.3 299.2 300.1 285.4
*   Second Advance Estimates
#   Million bales of 170 kgs each
## Million bales of 180 kgs each

Source: Federal ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India


Area, Production & Yield of India's major foodgrains producing states

STATES AREA PRODUCTION % OF TOTAL PRODUCTION YIELD AREA PRODUCTION % OF TOTAL PRODUCTION YIELD
2000-2001

1999-2000

Uttar Pradesh 20.10 42.32 21.60 2105 20.86 45.65 21.76 2188
Punjab 6.28 25.32 12.92 4032 6.26 25.20 12.01 4028
Anadhra Pradesh 7.29 14.53 7.42 1995 7.14 13.70 6.53 1919
West Bengal 6.24 13.83 7.06 2217 6.85 14.92 7.11 2178
Haryana 4.29 13.25 6.76 3088 4.29 13.06 6.22 3047
Bihar 7.25 12.06 6.16 1662 8.90 14.39 6.86 1617
Karnataka 7.79 10.95 5.59 1406 7.67 9.86 4.70 1286
Maharashtra 13.32 10.08 5.14 757 13.64 12.70 6.05 931
Rajasthan 11.36 10.04 5.12 884 10.95 10.68 5.09 975
Madhya Pradesh 9.85 8.93 4.56 907 17.60 21.27 10.14 1208
Tamil Nadu 3.94 8.90 4.54 2262 3.83 8.97 4.28 2343
Orissa 5.24 4.98 2.54 950 5.49 5.62 2.68 1025
Assam 2.89 4.17 2.13 1443 2.87 4.04 1.93 1409
Gujarat 3.15 3.68 1.88 1169 3.42 4.05 1.93 1186
Chhatisgarh 4.57 3.65 1.86 799 * * * *
Jharkhand 1.84 2.01 1.03 1095 * * * *
Uttarnchal 1.01 1.73 0.88 1712 * * * *
Others 3.37 5.49 2.80   3.33 5.69 2.71  
All India 119.78 195.92 100.00 1636 123.10 209.80 100.00 1704
Area ( In million Hectare)
Production ( In million Tonnes)
Yield ( Kilogrammes per Hectare)


SOURCE:
Federal ministry of Agriculture, Government of India


India's per capita daily foodgrains consumption
(In grams)

YEAR RICE WHEAT OTHER CEREALS CEREALS GRAM PULSES FOODGRAINS
1991 221.7 166.8 80.0 468.5 13.4 41.6 510.1
1992 217.0 158.6 58.9 434.5 10.1 34.3 468.8
1993 201.1 140.2 86.6 427.9 10.7 36.2 464.1
1994 207.4 159.5 67.1 434.0 11.8 37.2 471.2
1995 220.0 172.7 64.9 457.6 14.1 37.8 495.5
1996 204.9 176.4 62.2 443.4 11.3 32.8 476.2
1997 215.0 180.0 73.3 468.2 12.4 37.3 505.5
1998 201.8 152.6 62.9 417.3 13.5 33.0 450.3
1999 205.4 163.9 64.0 433.5 14.7 36.9 470.4
2000 206.4 160.1 60.1 426.0 10.8 32.0 458.0
2001 208.1 124.1 58.4 390.6 7.0 26.4 417.0

Source: Federal ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India


India's GDP & agriculture growth rates
(Percent)

Year GDP GDP Agri & Allied Sector*
1992-93 5.1 5.8
1993-94 5.9 4.1
1994-95 7.3 5.0
1995-96 7.3 -0.9
1996-97 7.8 9.6
1997-98 4.8 -2.4
1998-99 6.5 6.2
1999-2000 6.1 0.3
2000-01 4.4 -0.4
2001-02 5.6 5.7
  2002-03** 4.4 -3.1

*   At 1993-94 Prices
** Advance estimate

Source: Economic Survey, 2003-04


Updated on April 30, 2003

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