Madam President.........

It took six decades for world's largest democracy to have its Madam President since India acquired independence on August 15, 1947. The 13th Presidential election witnessed a landslide victory for the Congress(I)-led UPA and Left alliance backed Pratibha Patil who defeated in a straight fight her rival Bharion Singh Shekhawat fielded by the BJP-led NDA. Patil defeated Shekhawat by 3,06,810 votes. Of total 9,69,422 votes, Patil garnered 6,38,116 votes against Shekhawat's 3,31,306 votes. "Every President has brought core competence of his or her own. Every President will enrich Rashtrapati Bhawan", said President A P J Abdul Kalam in a message to his successor.

Peoples' representatives in Indian Parliament and 30 state assemblies, union territories and national capital territory polled country's 13th President on July 19, 2007. With Pratibha Patil, India so far got 13 Presidents since 1950 when the country elected her first President Dr Rajendra Prasad. The electoral college for 2007 Presidential election comprised of 233 members of Rajya Sabha ( upper house of Parliament); 543 members of Lok Sabha (lower house of Parliament); and 4120 members of state assemblies, national capital territory and union territory. The total electors for the 2007 Presidential election this stands at 4896 (4120 MLAs & 776 MPs). The total value of valid votes polled aggregated to 9,69,422. It is significant to note that the total value of votes polled in the first Presidential election in independent India in 1950 was 605,386.


Presidents of India ( From 1950 2002)


Dr Rajendra Prasad

January 30, 1950-May 13, 1962

Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

May 13, 1962-May 13, 1967

Dr Zakir Hussain

May 13, 1967-May 3, 1969

Varahagiri Venkata Giri

May 3, 1969-July 20, 1969

Muhammad Hidayatullah

July 20, 1969-August 24, 1969

Varahagiri Venkata Giri

August 24, 1969-August 24, 1974

Dr. Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed

August 24, 1974-February 11, 1977

Basappa Danappa Jatti

February 11, 1977-July 25, 1977

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy

July 25, 1977-July 25, 1982

Giani Zail Singh

July 25, 1982-July 25, 1987

Ramaswamy Venkataraman

July 25, 1987-July 25, 1992

Dr Shankar Dayal Sharma

July 25, 1992-July 25, 1997

Kocheril Raman Naraynan

July 25, 1997-July 25, 2002

Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

July 25, 2002-

The 13th Presidential election of India will be held on July 19, 2007. The term of office the present President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam will expire on July 24. In the forthcoming Presidential election the ruling Congress(I)-led United Progressive Alliance has fielded former Governor of Rajasthan and a veteran Congress leader Pratibha Devisingh Patil. The four-party Left alliance which is backing the UPA government at the centre is also supporting Pratibha's candidature. If elected, she will be first woman President of world's largest democracy. On the other hand, BJP and some constituents of NDA is backing current Vice-President Bhairon Singh Shekhawat as an "Independent" candidate.


PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION: ELECTORAL COLLEGE 2007

Total Members of Electoral College = Members of Legislative Assemblies (4120) + Members of Parliament (776) = 4896

Total value of Votes of 4896 Electors= 549474=549408= 1098882


Value of Votes: Members of the State Legislative Assemblies

Name of State

Assembly Seats Population (1971 Census) Value of Votes of each MLA Total value of votes for the State

Andhra Prudish

294

43502708

148

148x294=43512

Arunchal Pradesh

60

467511

8

008x060=480

Assam

126

14625152

116

116x126=14616

Bihar

243

42126236

173

173x243=42039

Chhatisgarh

90

11637494

129

129x090=11610

Goa

40

795120

20

020x040=800

Gujarat

182

26697475

147

147x182=26754

Haryana

90

10036808

112

112x090=10080

Himachal Pradesh

68

3460434

51

051x068=3468

Jammu and Kashmir

87

6300000

72

072x087=6264

Jharkhand

81

14227133

176

176x081=14256

Karnataka

224

29299014

131

131x224=29344

Kerala

140

21347375

152

152x140=21280

Madhya Pradesh

230

30016625

131

131x230=30130

Maharashtra

288

50412235

175

175x288=50400

Manipur

60

1072753

18

018x060=1080

Meghalaya

60

1011699

17

017x060=1020

Mizoram

40

332390

8

008x040=320

Nagaland

60

516449

9

009x060=540

Orissa

147

21944615

149

149x147=21903

Punjab

117

13551060

116

116x117=13572

Rajasthan

200

25765806

129

129x200=25800

Sikkim

32

209843

7

007x032=224

Tamil Nadu

234

41199168

176

176x234=41184

Tripura

60

1556342

26

026x060=1560

Uttarkhand

70

4491239

64

064x070=4480

Uttar Pradesh

403

83849905

208

208x403=83824

West Bengal

294

44312011

151

151x294=44394

NCT of Delhi

70

4065698

58

058x070=4060

Pondicherry

30

471707

16

016x030=480

TOTAL

4120

549302005

 

54974

 


Value of Votes: Members of Parliament (Rajya Sabha-Upper House & Lok Sabha-Lower House)


Total Members

    Lok Sabha (543) + Rajya Sabha (233) = 776

    Value of Each Vote =  549474/776 = 708

    Total Value of Votes of Members of Parliament = 708x776= 549408

Source: Election Commission of India

The ruling United Progressive Alliance consists of 12 political parties including Congress (I) which has 146 Members of Parliament (MPs). Other constituents include: Rashtriya Janata Dal (23 MPs); Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (16 MPs); Nationalist Congress Party (10 MPs); Pattali Makkal Katchi (6 MPs); Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (5 MPs); Lok Janashakti Party (4 MPs); Kerala Congress (2 MPs); Jammu & Kashmir People's Democratic Party (1 MPs); Republican Party of India (Athvale) (1 MP); All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (1 MP). The four-party Left alliance which has a total of 60 MPs consists of the Communist Party of India (Marxist); Communist Party of India, Revolutionary Socialist Party and All India Forward Bloc.

Value of votes of political parties represented in Parliament

Political Party

Value of votes

Political Party

Value of Votes

Indian National Congress

281015

Peasants & Workers Party of India

350

Bharatiya Janata Party

253269

Orissa Gana Parishad

298

Communist Party of India

81722

Janata Party

296

Bahujan Samaj Party

62862

Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party

288

Samajwadi Party

58403

Rashtriya Samanta Dal

208

Rashtriya Janata Dal

32727

Akhil Bharatiya Lok Tantrik Congress

208

Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam

29752

Bharatiya Jan Shakti

208

Janata Dal

27057

Jan Morcha

208

Nationalist Congress Party

23788

Rashtriya Swabhiman Party

208

Shiv Sena

22178

Uttar Pradesh United Democratic Front

208

Biju Janata Dal

19709

Uttarkhand Kranti Dal

192

All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam

19280

Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam

176

Communist Party of India

15130

Jharkhand Party

176

Telegu Desam Party

14744

Akhil Bhartiya Sena

175

Shiromani Akali Dal

13356

Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha

173

Janata Dal (Secular)

11956

Akhil Jan Vikas Party

156

Pattali Makkal Katchi

8156

Indigenous Nationalist Party of Twipra

153

Trinamool Congress

8070

United Democratic Party

152

Telangana Rashtra Samithi

7388

Congress (secular)

152

All India Forward Bloc

7365

Democratic Indira Congress (Karunakaran)

152

Jharkhand Mukti Morcha

7128

Indian National League

152

Revolutionary Socialist Party

6360

Jandhipathya Samrakshana Samithi

152

Rashtriya Lok Dal

4912

Kerala Congress  (Balakrishnan)

152

Asom Gana Parishad

4908

Kerala Congress (Secular)

152

Lok Jana Shakti Party

4742

Democratic Socialist Party

151

Jammu & Kashmir National Conference

4140

Jharkhand Party (Naren)

151

Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam

3904

Kannada Chalavali Vatal Paksha

131

Indian National Lok Dal

2940

Kannada Nadu Party

131

Jammu & Kashmir People's Democratic Party

2568

Republican Party of India

131

Indian Union Muslim League

2480

Rajasthan Samajik Nyaya Manch

129

Sikkim Democratic Front

1633

Asom Gana Parishad (Pragatishil)

116

Nagaland People's Front

1587

Autonomous State Demand Committee

116

Mizo National Front

1584

Loko Sammilan

116

Kerala Congress

1316

Manipur People's Party

90

All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen

1300

Democratic Movement

72

Assam United Democratic Front

1160

Jammu & Kashmir Awami League

72

Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Liberation

1041

Meghalaya Democratic Party

68

Republican Party of India (Athvale)

883

National People's Party

54

Swatantra Bharat Paksh

883

Himachal Vikas Congress

51

Kerala Congress (Mani)

760

Lok Tantrik Morcha Himachal Pradesh

51

Samata Party

717

National democratic Movement

46

Bharatiya Navashakti Party

708

Puducherry Munnetra Congress

48

Indian federal Democratic Party

798

Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party

40

National Loktantrik Party

708

Save Goa Front

40

Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya)

708

Hill State People's Party

34

Jan Swarajya Shakti

700

Khun Hynniewtrep National Awakening Movement

34

West Bengal Socialist Party

604

Mizoram Peoples Conference

24

Gorkhaland National Liberation Front 453 Arunachal Congress 16

Rashtriya Parivartan Dal

416

Zoram Nationalist Party

16

Gondvana Ganatantra Party

393

Hmar People's Convention

8

United Goans Democratic Party

372

Maraland Democratic Front

8

All Jharkhand Students Union

352

Independents

32202

Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katch

352

Nominated Rajya Sabha Members

6372

The BJP-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) was initially a coalition of 13 political parties at the time of its formation in 1998. Six political parties have withdrawn their support to NDA. Currently NDA consists of seven political parties including BJP. Shiv Sena, Janata Dal (United), Biju Janata Dal, Trinamool Congress, Shiromani Akali Dal, Nagaland Peoples' Front.


Updated July 22, 2007